Plumbing and Sanitary Items used in Building Construction

The utility consists of the complete system of piping, fixtures and appliances used for facility and drain. The plumbing facility system consists of facility and distribution pipes, taps, valves, storage tanks etc., where as plumbing system consists of wash basins, water closets, urinals, traps, soil waste pipes, vent pipes, septic tanks etc.

Types of Water Pipes utilized in Building


1. PVC Pipes
PVC pipes are used for internal and external facility system in buildings.

2. Copper Pipes
Copper pipes of serious gauge and light-weight gauge are used for higher grade homes and wherever ground-water is very corrosive to steel pipes.

3. Atomic number 26 Pipes
These pipes of serious, medium and light-weight grade are extensively used for facility and drain in building construction as they’re economical.

4. Lead Pipes
These pipes are extremely corrosion resistant and versatile.

Taps and stop-cocks in buildings are offered from iron, brass and atomic number 24 plated varieties.
External facility System in Buildings
This system consists of facility from the supply like bore well, well or water treatment plant to overhead water tanks and from overhead water tanks to the homes. For this, the forged iron pipes or G.I. pipes are used.


Plumbing and Sanitary Items used in Building

Plumbing system in Buildings
There are five varieties of drain water pipes utilized in building construction:

  • Soil Pipe
  • Waste pipe
  • Vent pipe
  • Rainwater pipe
  • Anti-siphonage pipes


1. Soil Pipes and Waste Pipes
These pipes take away waste matter and grey water from building and are connected to the common system. they’re usually fitted to the outside of the building.

The main use of drain and drain is that the removal of waste from bogs, sinks, showers and baths. These are fitted with vent pipes on the highest for the discharge of odors.

Traditionally, robust soil pipes and waste pipes were used, however of late uPVC pipes are additional common.

2. Vent Pipe
Vent pipes are connected to the highest of soil and drain for the discharge of dangerous odors.

3. fresh water Pipes
These pipes are connected to the roof or open space on top of building for the removal or assortment of fresh water. The fresh water pipes are drawn to the bottom level just in case of removal or these are connected to the fresh water assortment network or tank for fresh water harvest home. These are usually made from PVC material.

3. Anti-Siphonage Pipes
These are connected to the retailers of bogs that are provided to keep up water seal to forestall entry of foul gases of the sewer lines into the bogs and bogs. These are made from PVC and their sizes should adapt to the individual normal specifications.

Sanitary Fittings utilized in Buildings
Following are the usually used sanitary fittings for buildings:

  • Hand wash basins
  • Sinks (glazed or stainless-steel sinks)
  • Bath tubs
  • Water closets
  • Urinals
  • Flushing cisterns


Types of Water Closets
Water closets usually used are:

  • Indian sort
  • European sort or pedestal sorts
  • Anglo-Indian sort


Types of Urinals

  • Bowl sort or lip sort urinals
  • Stall type


Types of Flushing Cisterns

  • Low level ten liters capability
  • High level ten liters capability
  • Automatic flushing sort for urinals
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